Sexual Violence - 2010 CDC Report - Female vs. Male Findings


Comparisons of Men vs. Women – Source Center for Disease Control (US):  http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/NISVS_Report2010-a.pdf
National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey
 2010 Summary Report – Sexual Violence Victimization
(data and quotes taken directly from report)

Table 2.1

Prevalence of Sexual Violence Victimization
Rape
Nearly 1 in 5 women in the United States has been raped in her lifetime (18.3%) (Table 2.1). This translates to almost 22 million women in the United States. The most common form of rape victim­ization experienced by women was completed forced penetration, experienced by 12.3% of women in the United States. About 5% of women (5.2%) experienced attempted forced penetration, and 8.0% experienced alcohol/drug-facilitated completed forced penetration. One percent, or approximately 1.3 million women, reported some type of rape victim­ization in the 12 months prior to taking the survey.

Approximately 1 in 71 men in the United States (1.4%) reported having been raped in his lifetime, which translates to almost 1.6 million men in the United States (Table 2.2). Too few men reported rape in the 12 months prior to taking the survey to produce a reliable 12 month preva­lence estimate.
Table 2.2

Sexual Violence Other than Rape
Nearly 1 in 2 women (44.6%) and 1 in 5 men (22.2%) experienced sexual violence victimization other than rape at some point in their lives (Tables 2.1 and 2.2). This equates to more than 53 million women and more than 25 million men in the United States. Approximately 1 in 20 women (5.6%) and men (5.3%) experienced sexual violence victimization other than rape in the 12 months prior to taking the survey.

Being Made to Penetrate Someone Else
Approximately 1 in 21 men (4.8%) reported having been made to penetrate someone else in his lifetime (Table 2.2). Too few women reported being made to penetrate someone else to produce a reliable estimate (Table 2.1).

Sexual Coercion
About 1 in 8 women (13%) reported experiencing sexual coercion in her lifetime, which translates to more than 15 million women in the United States (Table 2.1). Sexual coercion was reported by 2.0% of women in the 12 months prior to taking the survey. Six percent of men reported sexual coercion in their lifetimes (almost 7 million men), and 1.5% in the 12 months prior to taking the survey (Table 2.2).

Unwanted Sexual Contact
More than one-quarter of women (27.2%) have experienced some form of unwanted sexual contact in their lifetime (Table 2.1). This equates to over 32 million women in the United States. The 12 month prevalence of unwanted sexual contact reported by women was 2.2%.
Approximately 1 in 9 men (11.7%) reported experiencing unwanted sexual contact in his lifetime, which translates to an esti­mated 13 million men in the United States (Table 2.2). The 12 month prevalence of unwanted sexual contact reported by men was 2.3%.

Table 2.4

Type of Perpetrator in Lifetime Reports of Sexual Violence
Rape
The majority of both female and male victims of rape knew their perpetrators. More than half of female victims of rape (51.1%) reported that at least one perpe­trator was a current or former intimate partner (Table 2.5). Four out of 10 of female victims (40.8%) reported being raped by an acquaintance. Approximately 1 in 8 female victims (12.5%) reported being raped by a family member, and 2.5% by a person in a position of authority. About 1 in 7 female victims (13.8%) reported being raped by a stranger. In terms of lifetime alcohol/drug-facilitated rape, half of female victims (50.4%) were raped by an acquaintance, while 43.0% were raped by an intimate partner.

More than half of the male victims of rape (52.4%) were raped by an acquaintance, and 1 in 7 male victims (15.1%) was raped by a stranger (Table 2.6). The estimates for male victims raped by other types of perpetrators were based upon numbers too small to calculate a reliable estimate and therefore are not reported.

Table 2.5

Sexual Violence Other than Rape

For both women and men, the type of perpetrator varied by the form of sexual violence experienced. The majority of female victims of sexual coercion and unwanted sexual contact reported known perpetrators. Three-quarters of female victims (75.4%) of sexual coercion reported perpetration by an intimate partner, and nearly 1 in 2 female victims (45.9%) of unwanted sexual contact reported perpetration by an acquain­tance. Strangers were the most commonly reported perpetrators of non-contact unwanted sexual experiences against women, reported by 1 in 2 female victims (50.5%) (Table 2.5).

Table 2.6

Male victims most commonly reported a known perpetrator for all types of sexual violence other than rape. Nearly half of male victims reported an intimate partner (44.8%) or an acquaintance (44.7%) as a perpetrator in situa­tions where the male was made to penetrate someone else. The majority of male victims of sexual coercion (69.7%) reported an intimate partner as a perpetrator. For both unwanted sexual contact (51.7%) and non-contact unwanted sexual experiences (44.9%), approximately 1 in 2 male victims reported an acquaintance as a perpetrator (Table 2.6).


Number of Perpetrators in Lifetime Reports of Sexual Violence
Among sexual violence victims, the majority of both women and men reported one perpetrator in their lifetime. Almost three-quarters of female rape victims (71.2%) reported being raped by one perpetrator. For female rape victims, 1 in 6 (16.4%) reported two perpetrators and 1 in 8 (12.4%) reported three or more perpetra­tors in their lifetime (Figure 2.1).

Almost half of female victims (45.8%) of lifetime sexual violence other than rape reported one perpetrator, approximately one-quarter (23.4%) reported two perpetrators, and just under one-third (30.8%) reported three or more perpetrators (Figure 2.1). For male victims of rape and sexual violence other than rape, the large majority (86.6% and 92.1%, respec­tively) reported one perpetrator in their lifetime (data not shown). Too few male victims reported two or more perpetrators to produce a reliable estimate.

Figure 2.1

Sex of Perpetrator in Lifetime Reports of Sexual Violence
Most perpetrators of all forms of sexual violence against women were male. For female rape victims, 98.1% reported only male perpetrators. Additionally, 92.5% of female victims of sexual violence other than rape reported only male perpetrators. For male victims, the sex of the perpetrator varied by the type of sexual violence expe­rienced. The majority of male rape victims (93.3%) reported only male perpetrators. For three of the other forms of sexual violence, a majority of male victims reported only female perpetrators: being made to penetrate (79.2%), sexual coercion (83.6%), and unwanted sexual contact (53.1%). For non-contact unwanted sexual experiences, approximately half of male victims (49.0%) reported only male perpe­trators and more than one-third (37.7%) reported only female perpetrators (data not shown).

Figure 2.2

Age at the Time of First Completed Rape Victimization
More than three-quarters of female victims of completed rape (79.6%) were first raped before their 25th birthday, with 42.2% experiencing their first completed rape before the age of 18 (29.9% between 11-17 years old and 12.3% at or before age 10) (Figure 2.2). Approximately 1 in 7 female victims (14.2%) experienced their first completed rape between 25-34 years of age.

More than one-quarter of male victims of completed rape (27.8%) were first raped when they were 10 years old or younger (data not shown). With the exception of the youngest age category (i.e., age 10 or younger), the estimates for age at first completed rape for male victims in the other age groups were based upon numbers too small to calculate a reliable estimate and therefore are not reported

Figure 2.3

Rape Victimization as a Minor and Subsequent Rape Victimization
More than one-third (35.2%) of the women who reported a completed rape before the age of 18 also experienced a completed rape as an adult, compared to 14.2% of the women who did not report being raped prior to age 18 (Figure 2.3). Thus, the percentage of women who were raped as children or adolescents and also raped as adults was more than two times higher than the percentage among women without an early rape history.

Too few men reported rape victimization in adulthood to examine rape victimization as a minor and subsequent rape victimization in adulthood.

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