Detailed Summary - 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey


The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2010 Summary Report is a publication of the National Center for Injury Control of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.”

The source of all information cited, including numerous statistics, are taken from: http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/NISVS_Report2010-a.pdf .   Because I have manually copied most of the statistics, (and abbreviated some of their line titles), it is possible that I’ve inadvertently erred on (I hope rare) occasion.

I will use quotation marks where direct quotes are taken from what follows,   Where there is interpretation of the data, if not within quotation marks, it is my observations as an outside reader of the report.

I believe that the NISVS 2010 Survey provides a huge amount of valuable data, which should be significantly studied by those who are interested in areas relating to: rape/sexual assault, domestic violence and stalking.    

I have omitted data relating to racial differences because the scope of this writing is already extremely lengthy.   In general the statistics commonly show some substantially higher victimization rates for “American Indian or Alaska Native” People than all others and commonly quite lower rates for “Asian or Pacific Islander” People.   Generally the rates for White People are slightly to somewhat lower than for Non-White People besides Asian/Pacific Islanders.

I am deliberately Not debating the categories that have been used in the Survey such as how “rape” is defined.

I strongly believe that the data, on the whole suggests the following:
1.     Male victimization for domestic violence, psychological aggression and “Other Sexual Violence” (besides rape) is at much higher rates than has oft times previously been understood to be.   It clearly requires greatly increased efforts at providing victim services as well as further study,

2.     The rates of Female victimization are Huge and clearly indicate a need for greatly improved public education,  victim services and general societal change, 
3.     The extremely high rates of psychological aggression shown by Both Men and Women towards each other in intimate relationships indicates a need for significant further study as well as new and much more significant approaches helping improve relationship skills for most people.  
  
It also appears important and necessary for other studies to tie the findings in this study with findings related to child abuse as well as relating to non-heterosexual people and their intimate relationships.
The remainder of this writing will consist of tables of data, with my interpretations of the findings from the table below the table.

Percentages of People Raped and Sexually Assaulted by Gender
F-L/T = Females (M = Males)  in their lifetime
F-12 mos  = Females(M = Males) victimized the preceding 12 months
Other Sexual Violence is broken out into the four categories that follow it.   Individuals may have had Other Sexual Violence in more than one area.   “*” – indicates that the data was insufficient to accurately show a percentage.

F-L/T
F-12 mos
M-L/T
M-12 mos
Rape
18.3
1.1
1.4
*
Other Sexual Violence
44.6
5.6
22.2
5.3
Made to Penetrate
*

4.8
1.1
Sexual Coercion
13.0
2.0
4.8
1.1
Unwanted Sexual Contact
27.2
2.2
6.0
1.5
Non-Contact Unwanted Sexual Exp
33.7
3.0
11.7
2.3

Comments:   The percentage of women raped is highly significant and much higher than that for men.   The Other Sexual Violence rates where male victimization is approximately half of female victimization both shows an extremely high rate for female victimization as well as a substantial number of male victims – e.g. 22.2% of men or over 25,000,000 male victims.
Percentages of Sexual Violence Perpetrators
Percentage of (Only) Perpetrators
Male
Male
Female
Female
Victim Gender
Female
Male
Female
Male
Rape
98.1
93.3


Other Sexual Violence
92.5



>> Made to Penetrate



79.2
>> Sexual Coercion



83.6
>> Unwanted Sexual Contact



53.3
>> Non-Contact Unwanted Sexual Exp


37.7
49.0

Comments:   Men overwhelmingly are the perpetrators of the rapes of both women and men.  Men overwhelmingly are the perpetrators of other sexual violence against women.   Other sexual violence against men is split by area of offenders, though women are consistently higher than men (from 49% to 83.6%).   The one area which is closest to equal (Non-Contact Unwanted Sexual Experiences) is the highest area of male victimization (see the previous table above).
Age First Raped
Age First Raped
Female
Male
10 or Younger
12.3
27.8
11 to 17
29.9
*
18 to 24
37.4
*
25  to 34
14.2
*

Though the percentages of men raped is much lower than women, it is most significant that men are oft times raped while very young (as well as by other males – see table above).  
Type of Perpetrator of Sexual Assaults
(Note: figures may total over 100% because of victims who were assaulted more than once.)

Type of Perpetrator
F-Rape
F-O Sex
M-Rape
M-O Sex
>> Intimate Partner (current/former)
51.1
35.7
*
36.0
>> Family Member
12.5
16.1
*
6.2
>> Person of Authority
2.2
7.9
*
7.5
>> Acquaintance
40.8
42.1
52.4
50.6
>> Stranger
13.8
44.8
15.1
31.1

Women are most likely to be raped by their (including former) intimate partners.   Acquaintances are also a significant percentage of assailants, while strangers are a relatively low percentage (e.g. 13.8%).  Other sexual violence is significantly split, with stranger assault slightly more common than acquaintance assault.     I would guess that the high percentage of male rape victims assaulted by acquaintances relates to young victims raped by male assailants they knew.   Men are most commonly sexually abused by acquaintances, with significant minorities of both intimate partner and stranger abuse.
Stalking Data
Stalking
F-L/T
F-12 mos
M-L/T
M-12 mos
Total
16.2
4.3
5.2
1.3





Perpetrator- Type
Female
Male


>> Intimate Partner
66.2
41.4


>> Family Member
6.8
5.3


>> Person of Authority
2.5
*


>> Acquaintance
24.0
40.0


>> Stranger
13.2
19.0







Stalking - by Gender of Perpetrator
Female
Male
Both

Female Victim
8.8
82.5
4.6

Male Victim
46.7
44.3
5.5


Comments:  Stalking data shows significant gender differences.   Women are primarily stalked by men.   Men are nearly equally stalked by other men, as by women.   Two-thirds of the perpetrators of the stalking of women are intimate partners, while men are nearly equally stalked by acquaintances as by intimate partners.
Victimization by Intimate Partner
Victimization by Intimate Partner
F-L/T
F-12 mos
M-L/T
M-12 mos
>> Rape
9.4
0.6
*
*
>> Physical  Violence
32.9
4.0
28.2
4.7
>> Stalking
10.7
2.8
2.1
0.5
Rape, Physical Violence, Stalking
35.7
5.9
28.5
5.0
>> with IPV Impact
28.8
*
9.9
*

Type of Victimization – of Victims





Int Ptnr Of Those Victimized % - Type(s)
Female
Male


Physical Violence Only
56.8
92.1


Rape Only
4.4
*


Stalking Only
2.6
*


Rape, Physical Violence & Stalking
12.5
*


Physical Violence & Stalking
14.4
6.3


Physical Violence & Rape
8.7
*


Rape & Stalking
*
*



Comments:   There is a commonality in the percentages of male victims of physical violence (domestic violence) being relatively close to the percentage of violence against women.   Male victims of violence are mostly (92.1%) physical violence only.   Women have significantly higher percentages of rape and multiple areas of being victims (as opposed to domestic violence only)  from their intimate partners.
Sexual Violence by Intimate Partner
Sexual Violence by Intimate Partner
F-L/T
F-12 mos
M-L/T
M-12 mos
Rape
9.4
0.6
*
*
Other Sexual Violence
16.9
2.3
8.0
2.5
>> Made to Penetrate
*
*
2.2
0.5
>> Sexual Coercion
9.8
1.7
4.2
1.0
>> Unwanted Sexual Coercion
6.4
0.5
2.6
0.9
>> Non-Contact Unwanted Sex Exp
7.8
0.7
2.7
0.8

Physical Violence by Intimate Partner
Physical Violence by Intimate Ptnr
F-L/T
F-12 mos
M-L/T
M-12 mos
Slapped, Pushed or Shoved
30.3
3.6
25.7
4.5
>> Slapped
20.4
1.6
18.3
2.7
>> Pushed or Shoved
27.5
3.4
19.4
3.8
Severe Physical Violence
24.3
2.7
13.8
2.0
>> Hurt by Pulling Hair
10.4
0.8
2.9
0.3
>> Hit with Fist or Something Hard
14.2
1.1
9.4
1.4
>> Kicked
7.1
0.3
4.3
0.7
>> Slammed Against Something
17.2
1.5
2.7
0.4
>> Choked or Suffocated
9.7
0.9
*
*
>> Beaten
11.2
0.7
2.6
0.3
>> Burned on Purpose
1.1
*
*
*
>> Used a Knife or Gun
4.6
*
*
*

Comments:  Gender differences are evident in the specific types of physical violence.  While men are nearly as commonly assaulted by female partners as women are by men, the severe physical violence areas, in general the more serious areas, have significantly higher rates for female victims vs. male victims.   Particularly notable are areas such as: “Slammed Against Something” = 17.2% vs. 2.7% , “Choked or Suffocated” = 9.7% vs. not enough to calculate accurately and “Beaten” = 11.2% vs. 2.6%.
Psychological Aggression
Psychological Aggression




By an Intimate Partner
F-L/T
F-12 mos
M-L/T
M-12 mos
Any Psychological Aggression
48.4
13.9
48.8
18.1
>> Any Expressive Aggression
40.3
10.4
31.9
9.3
>> Any Coercive Control
41.1
10.7
42.5
15.2
Type of Behavior(s) Exp- by Victims




> Expressive Aggression
Women
W- M%
Men

>> Acted Angry Way Seemed Dangerous
57.9
17.5
40.4

>> Told-Loser/Failure/Not Good Enough
48.9
6.5
42.4

>> Called Names: Ugly,Crazy,Fat,Stupid
64.3
12.7
51.6

>> Insulted, Humiliated, Made Fun of
58.0
18.6
39.4

>> Told No One Else Would Want one
39.1
16.1
23.0

>Coercive Control




>> Tried to Keep From Friends/Family
43.7
15.4
28.3

>> Made Decisions-Should Have been yrs
41.2
5.7
35.5

>> Demand to Know Where You Are/Doing
61.7
-1.4
63.1

>> Made Threats to Physically Harm
45.5
25.4
20.1

>> Threatened to Hurt Self/Commit Suicide
37.1
12.3
24.8

>> Threatened to Hurt Pet/Take Pet Away
11.4
7.2
4.2

>> Threatened to Hurt Someone You Love
14.5
10.5
4.0

>> Hurt Someone You Love
13.4
8.1
5.3

>> Threatened to Take Children Away F/You
21.5
8.5
13.0

>> Kept You From Leaving Your House
36.0
16.6
19.4

>> Kept You From Having Your Own Money
22.2
9.3
12.9

>> Destroyed Something Important to You
39.7
10.9
28.8

>> "If I can't have you no one can"-or similar
27.4
12.0
15.4


Comments:  The similarities and differences are interesting here!   Though males have a slightly higher rate of victimization than women do, the Only sub-area where men have a higher rate of victimization than women within the totals is: “Demand to Know Where You Area or What You are Doing”.    Clearly, the male rates (as well as the female rates) are most significant!   At the same time it appears that women commonly report multiple areas of abuse, whereas men seem particularly focused in this single area and several areas of verbal aggression.   It is notable that both men and women report high rates in the first three areas of “Expressive Aggression” (verbal aggression).
Intimate Partner Violence – Related Impact
Intimate Partner Related Impact
Women
F-%-Vic
Men
M-%-Vic
Any IPV Related Impact
28.8
80.8
9.9
34.7
>> Fearful
25.7
72.8
5.2
18.4
>> Concerned for Safety
22.2
62.3
4.5
15.7
>> PTSD
22.3
62.6
4.7
16.4
>> Injury
14.8
41.6
4.0
13.9
>> Needed Medical Care
7.9
22.1
1.6
5.5
>> Needed Housing Services
2.4
6.9
0.4
1.5
>> Needed Victim's Advocate Services
2.7
7.5
*
*
>> Needed Legal Services
7.6
21.2
3.1
10.8
>> Contacted a Crisis Line
2.1
5.9
*
*
>> Missed at Least One Day of Work/School
10.0
28.0
3.9
13.6
>> Contracted a Sexuall yTransmitted Disease
1.5
4.3
*
*
>> Became Pregnant
1.7
4.8
n/a
n/a

Comments:  It is significant that while 35.7% of total female intimate partner victimization is moderately close to the male total of 28.5%,  noted effects of that violence are much less common.

I hope that others will look at the original report as well as the data here and further explore the importance of this study!